Lisinopril is a medication in the class of drugs called Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitors or more commonly called ACE inhibitors. In the US it is sold under the brand names Prinivil® and Zestril® when combined with HCTZ it is sold as Prinizide® and Zestoretic®
Lisinopril is used to treat high blood pressure, dosage varies by patient. It is also used for congestive heart failure and given to people after having a heart attack. It may be used for other conditions if your prescriber desires.
Lisinopril Side Effects
The most common side effects include: low blood pressure, headache, dizziness, fatigue, rash, high potassium levels in the body, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
A dry cough can develop at any time you are taking and ACE inhibitor, sometimes it can happen after you’ve been taking it for years. Some people describe it as a constant tickle in the back of the throat. The cough will generally resolve quickly once you are switched to another blood pressure medication.
Always contact your Doctor or Pharmacist if you believe you are experiencing side effects.
Tablets are available in the following strengths: 2.5mg, 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and 40mg.
Adults usually start with 5 to 10 milligrams a day. Doses can go up to 80mg a day often with a lisinopril 40mg tablet taken twice a day.
Often times if lisinopril does not adequately control blood pressure, prescribers will add a diuretic (water pill) to the mix. Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ or HCT) is the most common diuretic used. It can be taken separately or in combination tablets.
The single tablet combinations are available in the following strengths: 10/12.5, 20/12.5 and 20/25.
Who should not use Lisinopril?
Lisinopril is contraindicated in anyone who has had angioedema from an ACE inhibitor, anyone with bilateral renal stenosis and pregnancy.
Lisinopril creates problems with blood flow to the fetus. It appears it is most damaging in the second and third trimesters. It should always be discontinued once pregnancy is known.
Lisinopril is a commonly used medication. If you believe you are having side effects from lisinopril contact your health care provider right away. They will mostly likely switch you to another medication.
You can also discuss lifestyle and dietary changes with your health care provider. Blood pressure often decrease after making some simple changes to diet and exercise.